Timely Reperfusion in Stroke and Myocardial Infarction Is Not Correlated
An Opportunity for Better Coordination of Acute Care
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Background—Timely reperfusion is critical in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The degree to which hospital performance is correlated on emergent STEMI and AIS care is unknown. Primary objective of this study was to determine whether there was a positive correlation between hospital performance on door-to-balloon (D2B) time for STEMI and door-to-needle (DTN) time for AIS, with and without controlling for patient and hospital differences.
Methods and Results—Prospective study of all hospitals in both Get With The Guidelines-Stroke and Get With The Guidelines-Coronary Artery Disease from 2006 to 2009 and treating ≥10 patients. We compared hospital-level DTN time and D2B time using Spearman rank correlation coefficients and hierarchical linear regression modeling. There were 43 hospitals with 1976 AIS and 59 823 STEMI patients. Hospitals’ DTN times for AIS did not correlate with D2B times for STEMI (ρ=−0.09; P=0.55). There was no correlation between hospitals’ proportion of eligible patients treated within target time windows for AIS and STEMI (median DTN time <60 minutes: 21% [interquartile range, 11–30]; median D2B time <90 minutes: 68% [interquartile range, 62–79]; ρ=−0.14; P=0.36). The lack of correlation between hospitals’ DTN and D2B times persisted after risk adjustment. We also correlated hospitals’ DTN time and D2B time data from 2013 to 2014 using Get With The Guidelines (DTN time) and Hospital Compare (D2B time). From 2013 to 2014, hospitals’ DTN time performance in Get With The Guidelines was not correlated with D2B time performance in Hospital Compare (n=546 hospitals).
Conclusions—We found no correlation between hospitals’ observed or risk-adjusted DTN and D2B times. Opportunities exist to improve hospitals’ performance of time-critical care processes for AIS and STEMI in a coordinated approach.
- Received July 11, 2016.
- Accepted February 1, 2017.
- © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.