Abstract 27: Impact of Telemonitoring on Health Status in Patients with Heart Failure
Background: Although telemonitoring in patients with heart failure is not effective in reducing mortality or hospitalizations, less is known regarding its effect on patients’ health status, their symptoms, functioning and quality of life.
Methods: The TeleHF study randomized 1,653 patients with recent heart failure hospitalization to telephonic monitoring (n=826) or usual care (n=827). Patients in the telemonitoring arm phoned in daily and responded to a series of automated questions regarding their symptoms and daily weight. Health status information, using the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ), was collected at baseline, 3 months, and at 6 months. The primary endpoint was change in KCCQ score from baseline to 3 and 6 months.
Results: The baseline characteristics of the two treatment arms were similar; 42% were female and 39% were black. At baseline, there were no significant differences in KCCQ scores between the telemedicine and the usual care group. Both groups reported significant quality of life limitations with median KCCQ score of 59.9, and median scores of 75.0, 87.5 and 56.3 on the physical limitation, self-efficacy and social limitation subscales respectively. At 3 and 6 month follow-up, there were no significant differences between the two treatment groups with respect to the primary endpoint, change in KCCQ overall summary score or subscale scores from baseline (see table).
Conclusion: Telemonitoring in a large group of patients with heart failure did not improve health status when compared to usual care. Failure to improve readmission or mortality rates combined with lack of effect on quality of life suggests that alternative solutions for management of this complex population should be sought.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.