Association of Body Mass Index and Long-Term Outcomes in Older Patients With Non–ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction
Results From the CRUSADE Registry
Background—Prior studies have found that obese patients have paradoxically lower in-hospital mortality after non–ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction than their normal-weight counterparts, yet whether these associations persist long term is unknown.
Methods and Results—We linked detailed clinical data for patients with non–ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction aged ≥65 years in the Can Rapid Risk Stratification of Unstable Angina Patients Suppress Adverse Outcomes With Early Implementation of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guidelines (CRUSADE) Registry to Medicare claims data to obtain longitudinal outcomes. Using height and weight measured on admission, patients were categorized into 6 body mass index (BMI [kilograms per meter squared]) groups. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the association between BMI and (1) all-cause mortality, (2) all-cause readmission, (3) cardiovascular readmission, and (4) noncardiovascular readmission for 3 years after hospital discharge. Among older patients with non–ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction (n=34 465), 36.3% were overweight and 27.7% were obese. Obese patients were younger and more likely to have hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia than normal or underweight patients. Relative to normal-weight patients, long-term mortality was lower for patients classified as overweight (BMI, 25.0–29.9), obese class I (BMI, 30.0–34.9), and obese class II (BMI, 35.0–39.9), but not obese class III (BMI ≥40.0). In contrast, 3-year all-cause and cardiovascular readmission were similar across BMI categories. Relative to normal-weight patients, noncardiovascular readmissions were similar for obese class I but higher for obese class II and obese class III.
Conclusions—All-cause long-term mortality was generally lower for overweight and obese older patients after non–ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction relative to those with normal weight. Longitudinal readmissions were similar or higher with increasing BMI.
- Received June 17, 2013.
- Accepted October 28, 2013.
- © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.