Abstract 178: Females with Cardiac Comorbidities Have Worse Outcome Compared to Males Presenting with Unexplained Syncope: An ACAP-SELF Dataset Analysis
Background: The ACAP program consists of strategies for implementing ACC/AHA guidelines for various cardiac disorders, one of which is the SELF pathway, which covers the spectrum of care from presentation to discharge in patients with syncope. Patients are stratified according to SELF-1 (Short period, Early onset, Loss of consciousness, Full recovery) and SELF-2 criteria (Structural heart disease, abnormal ECG, arrhythmia).
Methods: 3044 patients were prospectively followed for syncope. They were divided into 4 groups: Group A (SELF +/+) who met both SELF 1 and 2 criteria, Group B (SELF +/-) who met SELF-1 criteria but not SELF-2, Group C (SELF -/+) who met SELF-2 criteria alone and Group D (SELF -/-) who met neither criteria. These groups were further separated into males and females. The primary endpoint was composite of readmission for syncope, myocardial infarction, stroke or death. Follow-up was 5 years.
Results: Females were older than males (69+/-21 years), had more hypertension (65% vs. 63%) and syncopal episodes (18% vs. 16%). Males were more likely to be diabetic (25% vs. 24%), have coronary artery disease (21% vs. 16%; p=0.001), heart failure (11% vs. 9%) and smoking (65% vs. 42%; p<0.001). Regardless of sex, Group A patients had worse outcomes (p=0.25) while Group D patients had better outcome with far fewer events (p=0.06). In Group B patients, males were noted to have worse outcome while in Group C, females were noted to have significantly worse long-term outcome.
Conclusions: The SELF-pathway for patients with syncope helps identify at-risk subgroups in our patient population. Females with SELF-2 criteria (Structural heart disease, abnormal ECG, arrhythmia) had significantly worse long-term outcome compared to males regardless of manner of syncopal presentation.
Author Disclosures: B. Pratap: None. J. Bastawrose: None. A. Gurram: None. N. Panneerselvam: None. A. Lingannan: None. P. Kalamkar: None. D. Patel: None. J. Verzosa: None. Z. Shahanoor: None. T. Umali: None. C. Pamidimukala: None. M. Pierce: None. E.F. Aziz: None. E. Herzog: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.