Abstract 212: Temporal Trends of SPECT Myocardial Perfusion Imaging in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease: A 22-Year Experience from a Tertiary Academic Medical Center
Background: Over the past 20 years, there has been an increasing decline in the prevalence of abnormal stress single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT) studies among patients with no history of coronary artery disease (CAD). The trend of SPECT studies among patients with known CAD has not been evaluated before.
Methods: Using the Mayo Clinic nuclear cardiology database, we examined all stress SPECT tests performed between 1/1991-12/2012 in patients with prior history of CAD defined as having prior myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention, and/or coronary artery bypass grafting. Patients with left bundle branch block, paced rhythm, bicycle or rest-only tests, cardiomyopathy, valvular heart disease, and technically unsatisfactory studies were excluded. The study cohort was divided into 5 time periods: 1991-5, 1996-2000, 2001-5, 2006-10, and 2011-12.
Results: There were 19373 eligible SPECT tests (mean age 66.2 ± 10.9y, 75.4% men). Annual utilization of SPECT studies in patients with history of CAD increased from an average of 495 tests per year between 1991-1995 to a peak of 1425 in 2003; and then decreased to 552 tests in 2012. Asymptomatic patients comprised 33% in 1991-1995, peaked at 48% in 2006, and then decreased back to 31% in 2012. Over time, patients with typical angina decreased while patients with dyspnea increased, P<0.001 (Fig 1). The percentage of high risk SPECT tests significantly decreased, and the percentage of low-risk SPECT tests significantly increased despite the overall decline of SPECT utilization between 2003 and 2012. Almost 80% of all tests performed in 2012 had a low risk summed stress score compared to 29% in 1991, P<0.001 (Fig 2).
Conclusions: In Mayo Clinic Rochester, annual SPECT utilization in patients with prior CAD increased between 1992 and 2003, but then decreased significantly after 2003. Fewer patients had typical angina while patients with dyspnea increased over time. High risk SPECT tests declined while low risk tests increased dramatically. These data suggest that stress SPECT was being increasingly utilized in CAD patients without typical angina who are at low risk.
Author Disclosures: H. Jouni: None. J.W. Askew: None. D.J. Crusan: None. T.D. Miller: None. R.J. Gibbons: E. Honoraria; Modest; Dr. Gibbons has received honoraria from Astra Zeneca.. G. Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Dr. Gibbons is a consultant for Lantheus Medical Imaging..
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.