Abstract 266: No Impact of Electronic Health Records on Quality of Care and Outcomes for Ischemic Stroke
Background: Electronic Health Records (EHRs) may be a key tool for improving the quality of healthcare. They may be particularly important for conditions such as ischemic stroke, in which guidelines are rapidly evolving and timely care of the patient is critical.
Methods: We used data from 1,236 hospitals participating in Get With The Guidelines-Stroke, representing 626,473 ischemic strokes between 2007 and 2010, and linked this with the American Hospital Association annual survey to characterize which study hospitals had an EHR. We conducted regression analyses to determine whether hospitals with an EHR demonstrated better performance on quality metrics, length of stay, discharge to home, and mortality.
Results: 511 hospitals had an EHR by the end of the study period. Stroke patients at hospitals with EHRs were younger, more often male and non-white, and had a lower burden of medical comorbidities. Hospitals with EHRs were larger, and more often teaching hospitals and stroke centers than hospitals without EHRs. In unadjusted analyses, patients at hospitals with EHRs were more likely to receive “all-or-none” care (87.9% versus 82.6%, p<0.001), and less likely to have a length of stay over 4 days (42.4% versus 43.9%, p<0.001). However, there were no differences in discharge to a site other than home (50.9% versus 51.1%, p=0.12) or in-hospital mortality (5.3% versus 5.2%, p=0.40). In multivariate analyses, after controlling for patient and hospital characteristics, the presence of an EHR was no longer associated with better quality care, and continued to have no association with clinical outcomes (Table).
Conclusions: In our sample of GWTG-Stroke hospitals, EHRs were not associated with higher-quality care or better clinical outcomes. Given that these systems often create significant added burden for clinicians, further work to ensure that they are better integrated with care and fully evidence-driven is critical.
Author Disclosures: K.E. Joynt: None. D.L. Bhatt: None. L.H. Schwamm: None. Y. Xian: None. P.A. Heidenreich: None. G.C. Fonarow: None. E.E. Smith: None. M.V. Grau-Sepulveda: None. A.F. Hernandez: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.