Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes publishes several types of manuscripts. A brief description of each type follows:
Original Research Articles: The core of Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes is scholarship that spans the entire spectrum of outcomes research. Quantitative, qualitative, mixed methods, economic and health policy research, among others, will be welcome. To be competitive for publication, the research questions must be strong and consequential and the methods and writing should be outstanding.
Cardiovascular Perspectives: The journal will also have frequent contributions that express opinions about various aspects of clinical decision-making and health care delivery, with an emphasis on challenging dogma and conventional wisdom—as well as pieces that propose solutions to the challenges of cost, quality and access. We will consider and encourage contributions that provide point-counterpoint on specific topics or challenge current ways of approaching issues in medicine. These articles should be brief, with a maximum of 1500 words, 1 figure or table, and 10 references, and should have no more than 3 authors.
Caregiver or Patient Viewpoints: The purpose of this series is to further understanding of patients' experience of cardiovascular disease. These articles will be written by patients, or by their family members, caregivers, or friends. The articles will explore the effects of illness and treatment on patients' lives and on their relationships with family, friends, caregivers, and health care providers. They will often discuss aspects of a condition that are important to patients but may not be fully appreciated by clinicians. We are especially interested in publishing viewpoints that contain lessons on the strengths and weaknesses of our health care system. They may, for example, be designed to help health care providers become aware of problems in communication of information, decision making, care coordination, access, cost, timeliness, safety, equity, and quality of care. We prefer patients to be identified, but they may remain anonymous if they wish; please note that if identifiable information is included in the case, then permission would be required. Viewpoints should be written in a conversational style. It is not necessary for viewpoints and their clinical commentaries to have formal references, except as necessary to give proper credit to any sources referred to in the viewpoint. Submissions should be between 1200 and 1500 words. The clinical commentary and the text in accompanying boxes, if applicable, is not included in this word count. Authors are encouraged to discuss potential viewpoint topics with the journal’s editorial office (email@example.com) prior to submission.
- Optional clinical commentaries for viewpoints: Viewpoints may, if desired, be accompanied by a commentary of no more than 500 words written by the patient's physician(s). In some cases, the journal may solicit a commentary from an appropriate expert. The commentary should explain what the physician has learned from the patient's case and what lessons it holds for other clinicians.
- Optional further resources: If desired, a box may be included identifying useful resources for patients and clinicians such as patient support groups and patient organizations, including web addresses.
Data Reports: The journal will devote space to data reports, similar to the MMWR-type contribution. We will aim for rapid publication of relevant data that can be condensed to 1500 words, not more than one table or figure, and 10 or fewer references. These articles should contain a "Methods and Results" section, and a "Comment" section. Supplementary material can be posted online.
Data Visualizations: The purpose of this category is to provide stimulating and innovative depictions of data. Submissions should seek to show how different visual displays may be effective for communicating insights about data; infographics will also be considered. The written portion of the submission should include a title page, descriptive text of no more than 800 words with up to 4 references (if appropriate), and a legend describing the illustration(s). The text must specify the software and methods used to create the figure. All submissions must be original; previously published material will not be considered.
Care Innovations:These articles are intended to serve as brief descriptions and provide preliminary data for novel initiatives to improve processes of care and/or outcomes of patients with cardiovascular diseases. The text of the manuscript should be limited to 2000 words, with up to 5 references and 1 table or figure. If there were resources or tools that helped make the initiative successful, we encourage the authors provide these innovation tools as an online appendix or supplemental material. The Care Innovations article should be structured as follows:
- Goals and Vision of the Program: What is the importance of the initiative to patient outcomes? Does it resonate with national goals for elevating the quality of care? What data exists regarding current gaps in performance?
- Local Challenges in Implementation: In this section, we encourage authors to discuss the challenges in achieving the program's vision. What obstacles needed to be overcome? How were these challenges conceptualized and addressed?
- Design of the Initiative: How did the authors design an approach to achieve the goals of the program and to be responsive to the local challenges?
- Implementation of the Initiative: How was the program implemented and what was the success of the implementation? What was the adoption and were any barriers observed?
- Success of the Initiative: What was the reach of the initiative? How did the initiative impact the care and outcomes of patients in the clinical setting? What changed following the implementation? How was the initiative maintained following the initial implementation?
- Translation to Other Settings: How can this initiative translate to other settings? What are the core components that are needed and what are potentially modifiable components of the intervention?
- Summary of the Experience, Future directions and Challenges: Were the results of the initiative satisfactory? What future work is needed to better attain the original goals and vision for the program? How did this experience highlight new challenges and obstacles to be overcome?
Methods Papers: The journal will consider two types of Methods papers.
- The first type is an article about methods. This type of article may contrast/compare methods for making inferences. These articles may address methodological innovation (e.g., development of new health status measures, assessment of performance measures, techniques for quantifying direct and indirect costs, new analytic approaches to integrate survival, health status and costs). The journal will be transdisciplinary in its orientation and will welcome contributions that bring into focus the methods of a wide range of fields as they apply to outcomes research. As we wish to make these methods more generalizable and accessible to readers, we ask that authors prepare a supplementary appendix that provides statistical code (when appropriate) in their submission to readers.
- The other type describes methods for planned observational studies, clinical registries, and clinical trials. We will accept these types of papers in unusual circumstances in which they exhibit clear innovation in advancing the science of research, rather than simply documenting the methods of a particular study or data collection effort.
E-Letters: After reading an article, readers will be able to "send a response" from a link in the content box. When submitting a response, all readers will be asked for his/her name, affiliation, email address, and comments. E-Letters will be reviewed by the editors, who will decide whether or not the response should be published. If accepted, published e-letters will appear at the end of the articles to which they relate. This feature will be online-only and will always relate to papers published in the journal. Unpublished observations are not considered legitimate references and e-letters citing unpublished data will not be accepted.
General Preparation Requirements
- Maximum length: ≤7,000 words
Word Count includes title page, abstract, text, references, tables, and figure legends
- Maximum number of references: 50
- Maximum number of figures and tables: 8
- Structured abstract of ≤300 words, to include the following sections: Background, Methods and Results, Conclusions
Please refer to the journal's General Preparation Instructions when submitting an original research article