A Comparison of Clinical Outcomes From Carotid Artery Stenting Among US Hospitals
Background—The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services require hospitals performing carotid artery stenting (CAS) to recertify the quality of their programs every 2 years, but currently this involves no explicit comparisons of postprocedure mortality across hospitals. Hence, the current recertification process may fail to identify hospitals that are performing poorly in relation to peer institutions. Our objective was to compare risk-standardized procedural outcomes across US hospitals that performed CAS and to identify hospitals with statistically high postprocedure mortality rates.
Methods and Results—We conducted a retrospective cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries who underwent CAS from July 2009 to June 2011 at 927 US hospitals. Thirty-day risk-standardized mortality rates were calculated using the Hospital Compare statistical method, a well-validated hierarchical generalized linear model that included both patient-level and hospital-level predictors. Claims were examined from 22 708 patients undergoing CAS, with a crude 30-day mortality rate of 2.0%. Risk-standardized 30-day mortality rates after CAS varied from 1.1% to 5.1% (P<0.001 for the difference). Thirteen hospitals had risk-standardized mortality rates that were statistically (P<0.05) higher than the national mean. Conversely, 5 hospitals had risk-standardized mortality rates that were statistically (P<0.05) lower than the national mean.
Conclusions—We used administrative claims to identify several CAS hospitals with excessively high 30-day mortality after carotid stenting. When combined with information currently used by Medicare for CAS recertification, such as clinical registry data and program reports, clinical outcomes comparisons could enhance Medicare’s ability to identify hospitals that are questionable candidates for recertification.
- Received December 18, 2013.
- Accepted May 2, 2014.
- © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.