Prognosis After First-Time Myocardial Infarction in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease According to Disease Activity
Nationwide Cohort Study
Background—Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. We examined the effect of active IBD on major adverse cardiovascular outcomes after myocardial infarction (MI).
Methods and Results—In nationwide registries, we identified 86 790 patients with first-time MI from the period 2002 to 2011. A total of 1030 patients had IBD, and we categorized their disease activity stages into either flare (120 days), persistent (>120 days) activity, or remission. Short-term mortality was estimated in a logistic regression-model, whereas risk of recurrent MI, all-cause mortality, and a composite of recurrent MI, cardiovascular death, and stroke were estimated by Cox regression-models. Odds ratio of death during hospitalization or within 30 days of discharge (n=13 339) corresponded to 3.29 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.98–5.45) for patients in IBD flares, 1.62 (95% CI, 0.95–2.77) for persistent activity, and 0.97 (95% CI, 0.78–1.19) for remission when compared with the non-IBD group. Among 73 451 patients, including 863 with IBD, alive 30 days after discharge, IBD was associated with hazard ratios of 1.21 (95% CI, 0.99–1.49) for recurrent MI, 1.14 (95% CI, 1.01–1.28) for all-cause mortality, and 1.17 (95% CI, 1.03–1.34) for the composite end point. When compared with the non-IBD group, IBD flares, in particular, were associated with increased risks of recurrent MI (hazard ratio, 3.09; 95% CI, 1.79–5.32), all-cause mortality (hazard ratio, 2.25; 95% CI, 1.61–3.15), and the composite end point (hazard ratio, 2.04; 95% CI, 1.35–3.06), whereas no increased risk was identified in remission.
Conclusions—Active inflammatory bowel disease worsens prognosis after MI, in particular, in relation with flares.
- Received January 29, 2014.
- Accepted September 18, 2014.
- © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.