Table 1.

Participant Characteristics

CharacteristicnNo. (%)
Mean age, y100050
Age group, y1000
 30–50505 (50.5)
 51–65366 (36.6)
 >65129 (12.9)
% Female1000590 (59.0)
Race*1000
 White629 (62.9)
 Black159 (15.9)
 Other212 (21.2)
Income1000
 <$25 000224 (22.4)
 $25 000–$75 000516 (51.6)
 >$75 000260 (26.0)
< College degree1000284 (28.4)
Numeracy1000
 0 correct202 (20.2)
 1 correct288 (28.8)
 2 correct510 (51.1)
Literacy1000
 Inadequate284 (28.4)
 Adequate716 (71.6)
Health1000
 Poor38 (3.8)
 Fair196 (19.6)
 Good387 (38.7)
 Very good291 (29.1)
 Excellent88 (8.8)
% Insured1000814 (81.4)
No. of pills taken per day1000
 0209 (20.9)
 199 (9.9)
 2153 (15.3)
 3+539 (53.9)
No. of times pills taken per day791
 1335 (42.4)
 2341 (43.1)
 3+115 (14.5)
Difficulty obtaining pills791
 Somewhat difficult77 (9.7)
 Very difficult14 (1.8)
Difficulty paying for pills791
 Somewhat difficult166 (21.0)
 Very difficult39 (4.9)
  • * Self-reported.

  • Based on single-item literacy screener 5-point scale of comfort filling out medical forms.

  • Self-reported; rated on 5-point scale.