Table 5.

Shock-Related Healthcare Expenditures

Shock Event TypeMean±SDMedian±IQRMinMaxP1P5P95P99
All visit healthcare expenditures*
 All shock events (n=867)$5887±$19 836$901±$6106$0$442 706$6.13$32.91$21 897.52$74 323.49
 Appropriate (n=501)$5592±$13 831$940±$6021$0$164 245$7.27$25.79$18 897.54$47 554.32
 Inappropriate (n=313)$4470±$5283$681±$5283$0$103 966$6.13$43.33$21 903.88$52 882.77
Inpatient healthcare expenditures*
 All shock events (n=259)$15 756±$33 178$8561±$8648$182$442 690$231.26$2434.47$45 604.85$146 001.90
 Appropriate (n=155)$14 914±$21 452$8697±$8805$182$164 245$1176.59$3115.49$35 677.50$74 210.42
 Inappropriate (n=80)$11 383±$11 475$7316±$7767$1177$74 210$231.26$2381.69$45 604.85$133 277.99
Outpatient healthcare expenditures*
 All shock events (n=608)$1300±$4706$304±$1010$0$103 966$5.50$26.75$4736.89$13 320.59
 Appropriate (n=346)$1094±$2645$314±$968$0$36 809$1.80$20.09$5409.61$31 676.29
 Inappropriate (n=233)$1656±$6935$286±$1034$0$103 966$5.50$29.97$4220.87$9899.16
  • IQR indicates interquartile range; P1, first percentile; P5, fifth percentile; P95, ninety-fifth percentile; P99, ninety-ninth percentile; and SD, standard deviation.

  • * P value for difference in mean between appropriate and inappropriate expenditures: all visits 0.11, inpatient 0.08, outpatient 0.94.