Table 1.

Basic Characteristics of the Syncope and General Population*

CharacteristicsSyncope (n=21 729)General Population (n=3 388 419)
Age, median (Q1–Q3), y48.4 (33.0–59.5)39.2 (26.2–51.1)
Age groups, y
 18–397654 (35.2)1 750 212 (51.7)
 ≥4014 075 (64.8)1 638 207 (48.3)
Sex
 Women10 922 (50.3)1 664 081 (49.1)
 Men10 807 (49.7)1 724 338 (50.9)
Employment status
 Employed (no social benefits)10 757 (49.5)2 302 672 (67.9)
 Labor market–related social benefits1884 (8.7)177 954 (5.2)
 Health-related social benefits4707 (21.7)337 060 (10.0)
 Regular retirement pension2640 (12.1)104 467 (3.1)
 Other social benefits1741 (8.0)466 266 (13.8)
Education (ISCED level)
 Basic school (0–2)8433 (38.8)1 140 845 (33.7)
 High school education (3)1450 (6.7)253 760 (7.5)
 Vocational education (3)7007 (32.3)1 014 858 (29.9)
 Higher education (5–6)2979 (13.7)520 379 (15.4)
 Long higher education (7–8)941 (4.3)164 083 (4.8)
 Unknown education919 (4.2)294 494 (8.7)
Comorbidity
 Cardiovascular disease§3602 (16.6)114 040 (3.4)
 Ischemic heart disease1532 (7.1)48 295 (1.4)
 Cardiac arrhythmias1261 (5.8)35 412 (1.1)
  Supraventricular arrhythmia937 (4.3)25 686 (0.8)
  Ventricular arrhythmia161 (0.7)2825 (0.1)
 Heart failure696 (3.2)12 054 (0.4)
 Atrioventricular block and LBBB134 (0.6)1857 (0.05)
 Cerebral vascular disease1053 (4.9)26 052 (0.8)
 Depression4461 (20.5)196 297 (5.8)
 Diabetes mellitus1576 (7.3)79 214 (2.3)
ICD121 (0.6)1089 (0.03)
Pacemaker164 (0.8)2023 (0.06)
Hospital contact type for syncope
 Inpatient11 914 (54.8)NA
 Emergency department9815 (45.2)NA
  • ICD indicates implantable cardioverter–defibrillator; ISCED, international standardized classification of educational degree; LBBB, left bundle branch block; NA, not applicable; and Q1–Q3, 1st to 3rd quartile.

  • * Basic characteristics at time of study start for the general population and at time of syncope for the syncope population.

  • Data are expressed as n (%) unless otherwise indicated.

  • Economic self-supported, but receiving some social benefits, for example, state education fund grants, paid parental leave.

  • § Defined as ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction, heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, cerebral vascular disease, atrioventricular block and LBBB, or peripheral vascular disease.