Table 1.

Baseline Characteristics for the National Heart Failure Cohort for Select Years 2002, 2007, and 2013 From the National Inpatient Sample

200220072013
Age, y72.9072.4872.27
Women, %54.7451.3449.03
Race/ethnicity, %
 White70.4066.5564.34
 Black18.0120.0919.23
 Hispanic7.137.827.37
 Asian/PI1.591.801.91
Census region, %
 New England4.776.564.98
 Mid Atlantic16.3013.0915.03
 East North Central16.4218.4816.75
 West North Central7.236.066.18
 South Atlantic26.3025.0621.92
 East South Central5.954.487.69
 West South Central7.9210.4311.30
 Mountain2.033.664.19
 Pacific13.0812.1711.96
Primary payer, %
 Medicare76.3574.1174.85
 Medicaid6.567.468.08
 Private insurance13.1112.7811.08
 Self-pay2.293.293.48
 No charge0.210.410.38
 Other1.421.802.00
Comorbidities*, %
 HTN58.7365.3970.92
 CAD27.4929.5432.23
 Atrial fibrillation12.9415.2017.77
 Obese18.7220.1832.40
 Valve disease16.8019.8222.29
 VT5.096.087.14
 AMI1.681.892.28
 PVD4.144.886.60
 DM33.2335.2238.81
 COPD17.3117.6517.74
 Anemia19.1722.4230.01
 Fluid/electrolyte19.1024.1231.87
  • AMI indicates acute myocardial infarction; CAD, coronary artery disease; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; DM, diabetes mellitus; HTN, hypertension; PI, Pacific Islander; PVD, peripheral vascular disease; and VT, ventricular tachycardia.

  • * Age-standardized proportions to 2000 US standard population.