Table 1.

Baseline Characteristics for the National Heart Failure Cohort for Select Years 2002, 2007, and 2013 From the National Inpatient Sample

Age, y72.9072.4872.27
Women, %54.7451.3449.03
Race/ethnicity, %
Census region, %
 New England4.776.564.98
 Mid Atlantic16.3013.0915.03
 East North Central16.4218.4816.75
 West North Central7.236.066.18
 South Atlantic26.3025.0621.92
 East South Central5.954.487.69
 West South Central7.9210.4311.30
Primary payer, %
 Private insurance13.1112.7811.08
 No charge0.210.410.38
Comorbidities*, %
 Atrial fibrillation12.9415.2017.77
 Valve disease16.8019.8222.29
  • AMI indicates acute myocardial infarction; CAD, coronary artery disease; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; DM, diabetes mellitus; HTN, hypertension; PI, Pacific Islander; PVD, peripheral vascular disease; and VT, ventricular tachycardia.

  • * Age-standardized proportions to 2000 US standard population.