Table 1.

Patient Characteristics

Characteristic*
Age, mean (SD)59.7 (10.6)
Female, n (%)53 (57.6)
Black, n (%)56 (60.9)
Marital status, n (%)
 Single37 (40.2)
 Married17 (18.5)
 Divorced/separated24 (26.1)
 Widowed14 (15.2)
Education, n (%)
 Less than high school10 (10.9)
 High school/technical school28 (30.4)
 Some college54 (58.7)
Unemployed, n (%)62 (67.4)
Income <$40 000, n (%)21 (28.8)
Insurance, n (%)
 Private15 (16.3)
 Medicare23 (25.0)
 Medicaid36 (39.1)
 None18 (19.6)
Diabetes mellitus, n (%)41 (44.6)
Stroke, n (%)13 (14.1)
Kidney disease, n (%)7 (7.6)
Baseline systolic BP, mean (SD)131.2 (16.4)
Baseline diastolic BP, mean (SD)77.5 (12.4)
No. of antihypertensive medications, mean (SD)2.3 (1.2)
Monotherapy, n (%)24 (26.0)
Medication class, n (%)
 ACE inhibitor31 (34.1)
 Angiotensin receptor blocker12 (13.2)
 β-Blocker8 (8.8)
 Calcium channel blocker24 (26.4)
 Diuretic11 (12.1)
 Other5 (5.5)
Years with PCP, n (%)
 Less than 1 y33 (35.9)
 1–5 y31 (33.7)
 >5 y28 (30.4)
  • ACE indicates angiotensin-converting enzyme; BP, blood pressure; and PCP, primary care provider.

  • * For 92 patients unless otherwise indicated.

  • For 62 patients.